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Basic Monitoring & Evaluation Concepts: relationship between monitoring and evaluation for projects

Relationship between monitoring and evaluation? Many projects or programme interventions undertake alot of activities in order to measure a substantial amount of change. There is ofcourse many reasons for that, but among the most important, change needs to be effected in the respective communities. Monitoring and Evaluation helps to measure whether the resources used for project or programme interventions have yielded the intended results. Monitoring by definition entails regular tracking of interventions to see whether activities in a programme or project are achieving the intended purpose and this is usually done in the short. However, evaluation entails an indepth assessment of an ongoing or completed project or programme in order to ascertain whether any results had been achieved. http://www.sportanddev.org/en/toolkit/monitoring___evaluation/what_is_monitoring___evaluation__m_e__/

Monitoring keeps management in an organization informed on the day to day happenings of a programme or project intervention. Monitoring is done in a systematic manner and is designed to meet the information needs of an organization in order to best ascertain whether the project or programme intervention is moving in the right direction. If project or programme is not proceeding as planned then the question that comes in is why? If the project or programme is moving in the right direction the question that can be asked is what can be done to improve. However, an evaluation ascertains whether there has indeed been any impact of an intervention. There is a relationship between monitoring and evaluation. Monitoring is a regular and systematic intervention that is done throughout the programme intervention. When monitoring reports are produced and generated they usually feed into the evaluation process. In a nut shell evaluators can normally informed by the successes and failures of a project or programme through the monitoring reports. http://unpan1.un.org/intradoc/groups/public/documents/un/unpan033015.pdf

The relationship between monitoring and evaluation lies in the fact that they both aid to better inform stakeholders on the progress or impact that the programme or project intervention had on the communities. Monitoring is done regularly and evaluation can be done mid term or at the end of the programme phase. Monitoring answers what activities are being done while evaluation answers what had been achieved. To clear the air fully, lets dive into understanding how monitoring and evaluation are so different yet similar. http://www.slideshare.net/skzarif/monitoring-evaluation-presentation1

1) Monitoring
- to track change from baseline conditions to desired outcomes
- tracks and assesses performance through analysis and comparison of indicators over time

2) Evaluation
- To validate what results were achieved and how and why they were or were not achieved
- Assess achievements by comparing indicators before and after the intervention

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