Relationship between monitoring and evaluation? Many projects or programme interventions undertake alot of activities in order to measure a substantial amount of change. There is ofcourse many reasons for that, but among the most important, change needs to be effected in the respective communities. Monitoring and Evaluation helps to measure whether the resources used for project or programme interventions have yielded the intended results. Monitoring by definition entails regular tracking of interventions to see whether activities in a programme or project are achieving the intended purpose and this is usually done in the short. However, evaluation entails an indepth assessment of an ongoing or completed project or programme in order to ascertain whether any results had been achieved. http://www.sportanddev.org/en/toolkit/monitoring___evaluation/what_is_monitoring___evaluation__m_e__/
Monitoring keeps management in an organization informed on the day to day happenings of a programme or project intervention. Monitoring is done in a systematic manner and is designed to meet the information needs of an organization in order to best ascertain whether the project or programme intervention is moving in the right direction. If project or programme is not proceeding as planned then the question that comes in is why? If the project or programme is moving in the right direction the question that can be asked is what can be done to improve. However, an evaluation ascertains whether there has indeed been any impact of an intervention. There is a relationship between monitoring and evaluation. Monitoring is a regular and systematic intervention that is done throughout the programme intervention. When monitoring reports are produced and generated they usually feed into the evaluation process. In a nut shell evaluators can normally informed by the successes and failures of a project or programme through the monitoring reports. http://unpan1.un.org/intradoc/groups/public/documents/un/unpan033015.pdf
The relationship between monitoring and evaluation lies in the fact that they both aid to better inform stakeholders on the progress or impact that the programme or project intervention had on the communities. Monitoring is done regularly and evaluation can be done mid term or at the end of the programme phase. Monitoring answers what activities are being done while evaluation answers what had been achieved. To clear the air fully, lets dive into understanding how monitoring and evaluation are so different yet similar. http://www.slideshare.net/skzarif/monitoring-evaluation-presentation1
- to track change from baseline conditions to desired outcomes
- tracks and assesses performance through analysis and comparison of indicators over time
- To validate what results were achieved and how and why they were or were not achieved
- Assess achievements by comparing indicators before and after the intervention
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This site provides links to random videos hosted at YouTube, with the emphasis on random.
The original idea for this site actually stemmed from another idea to provide a way of benchmarking the popularity of a video against the general population of YouTube videos. There are probably sites that do this by now, but there wasn’t when we started out. Anyway, in order to figure out how popular any one video is, you need a pretty large sample of videos to rank it against. The challenge is that the sample needs to be very random in order to properly rank a video and YouTube doesn’t appear to provide a way to obtain large numbers of random video IDs.
Even if you search on YouTube for a random string, the set of results that will be returned will still be based on popularity, so if you’re using this approach to build up your sample, you’re already in trouble. It turns out there is a multitude of ways in which the YouTube search function makes it very difficult to retrieve truly random results.
So how can we provide truly random links to YouTube videos? It turns out that the YouTube programming interface (API) provides additional functions that allow the discovery of videos which, with the right approach, are much more random. Using a number of tricks, combined some subtle manipulation of the space-time fabric, we have managed to create a process that yields something very close to 100% random links to YouTube videos.
YouTube is an American video-sharing website headquartered in San Bruno, California. YouTube allows users to upload, view, rate, share, add to playlists, report, comment on videos, and subscribe to other users. It offers a wide variety of user-generated and corporate media videos. Available content includes video clips, TV show clips, music videos, short and documentary films, audio recordings, movie trailers, live streams, and other content such as video blogging, short original videos, and educational videos. Most content on YouTube is uploaded by individuals, but media corporations including CBS, the BBC, Vevo, and Hulu offer some of their material via YouTube as part of the YouTube partnership program. Unregistered users can only watch videos on the site, while registered users are permitted to upload an unlimited number of videos and add comments to videos. Videos deemed potentially inappropriate are available only to registered users affirming themselves to be at least 18 years old.
YouTube and selected creators earn advertising revenue from Google AdSense, a program which targets ads according to site content and audience. The vast majority of its videos are free to view, but there are exceptions, including subscription-based premium channels, film rentals, as well as YouTube Music and YouTube Premium, subscription services respectively offering premium and ad-free music streaming, and ad-free access to all content, including exclusive content commissioned from notable personalities. As of February 2017, there were more than 400 hours of content uploaded to YouTube each minute, and one billion hours of content being watched on YouTube every day. As of August 2018, the website is ranked as the second-most popular site in the world, according to Alexa Internet, just behind Google. As of May 2019, more than 500 hours of video content are uploaded to YouTube every minute.
YouTube has faced criticism over aspects of its operations, including its handling of copyrighted content contained within uploaded videos, its recommendation algorithms perpetuating videos that promote conspiracy theories and falsehoods, hosting videos ostensibly targeting children but containing violent and/or sexually suggestive content involving popular characters, videos of minors attracting pedophilic activities in their comment sections, and fluctuating policies on the types of content that is eligible to be monetized with advertising.