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Photography Basics (Part 1): The Exposure Triangle Explained 📸

In this video we are going to dive into the basics of photography. No, this is not going to be a "quick-tips" video. Instead, I recommend taking some time to sit down, grab a cup of joe ☕ and follow along as we learn about aperture, shutter speed, and ISO.

The first thing anyone needs to learn in photography is the exposure triangle. These are the three settings that determine how bright or dark our photographs or images will be. Once you truly understand these three settings and how to use them, you will be able to create consistently exposed images in any situation.

The first of these controls is ISO. ISO stands for International Standards Organization which literally means nothing. Instead, think of ISO as how sensitive your camera is to light. The higher your ISO is, the more light it can capture. ISO usually starts at 100 (low sensitivity) and doubles all the way up to 6400 (high sensitivity) or more. The problem is, the higher the ISO, the more noise you have in your images. Noise looks like the static on an old TV (because it's the same thing) and is not a pleasant thing to have on your images. That's why the recommendation is always to keep your ISO as low as you can!

The next control is Shutter Speed. Shutter speed controls how long your camera is exposed to light. The shutter is a mechanical curtain in the back of the camera that blocks light from reaching the sensor. If the shutter speed is 2 seconds long, that means that this curtain is pulled away for exactly two seconds allowing light to reach the sensor for that length of time. It goes without saying that the longer your shutter speed is, the more light you will have in your images. The byproduct of shutter speed is motion blur. With a long shutter speed comes the chance to have a lot of blur in your images which can be a problem if that isn't the effect you are looking for. As a general rule of thumb, if you are hand holding your camera, don't use a shutter speed any slower than 1/125 or 1/250th of a second.

Last is aperture. Aperture controls how big the opening in the lens is that allows light through. Apertures are as follows: f/1.0, 1.4, 2.0, 2.8, 4.0, 5.6, 8, 11, 16, 22, and 32. The smaller the number is, the more light is allowed through the lens. Lenses all have a certain maximum amount of light they can let in. For cheaper lenses that is usually around f/4.0, for more expensive lenses it's closer to f/2.0. You're basically paying for the ability to let in more light. Another thing that aperture controls is depth of field or, how much in front of, and behind your subject is sharp. The larger number apertures have greater depth of field and are more suited for landscape photography, while the smaller numbers are generally better for portrait work.

Learn more about landscape DOF here: https://youtu.be/IDK7zaVKApo
Learn more about general DOF here: https://youtu.be/CQt9cxm29rc

Photography Basics: Part II - How Your Meter Works : https://youtu.be/x-i-U67oCVc
Outsmart Your Camera With ZONE SYSTEM (Photo Basics: Part III) : https://youtu.be/IPHNaGc8H9E


Items used to film this video:

Canon C300 Mark II: https://bhpho.to/3cr0Zmp
Canon 35mm f1.4L II USM Lens: https://bhpho.to/3bjZ2YW
Key Light: https://bhpho.to/2XL7Ra8
Zoom F4: https://bhpho.to/2Gy91vo
Audix HC Microphone: https://bhpho.to/39SDC3z


Video sponsored by Canon: https://usa.canon.com

Want to learn photography? Connect with us here:

Website: https://rmsp.com
Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/rockymountainschoolofphoto/
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/rmsp.photography

#photo #howto #photography

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