Rise and Fall of the National Industrial Recovery Act
The National Industrial Recovery Act of 1933 (NIRA or NRA) was the centerpiece of the early New Deal legislation. It organized industries into quasi-cartels and included codes of conduct regarding marketing, pricing, and labor standards. The codes included minimum wages and a general right to collective bargaining. There was initially much support for the NRA but as this video shows, the support began to fade. In 1935, the Supreme Court declared the Act to be unconstitutional. In the Court's view, NRA overstepped the traditional view that Congress could regulate only interstate commerce (such as railroads that crossed state lines). This view was later overturned by a Supreme Court decision in 1937 upholding the Wagner Act which regulated collective bargaining in more detail than NRA.