Ever wondered how to fly an airplane? Here I go through the basic tools and functions you need to fly a small single engine aircraft like the diamond da40. Now keep in mind this is strictly from the perspective of an early student pilot. I’m sure I have a lot more to learn about flying and airplanes in general through more training and with experience.
To fly an airplane, safety always comes first, but in this video, I will walk you through some of the main control surfaces of the airplane and the functions they each serve. A small single engine airplane will generally have these main control surfaces. Make and mode of the aircraft may differ but the basic controls typically remains the same. So let’s start with the:
1. Landing gear - On this airplane we have whats called a tricycle fixed landing gear, and the main purpose of those wheels is to taxi the airplane and roll while you’re on the ground. It is also what you land on, both on paved and unpaved surfaces.
2. Control sticks - when you look in this airplane we have a middle control stick. In other aircrafts like the piper or cesuras, you have what’s called a yoke. They serve the same functions, just look different physically. The control stick is used to control your pitch and banking of the airplane. Your pitch movement controls the elevator, which points the nose of the airplane vertically up or down. And your bank controls the ailerons which helps the airplane turn. It’s basically what you use to go up or down or turn right to left while in flight.
3. Rudder pedals - your rudder pedals is what controls the nose yaw directional movement of the airplane in flight. It helps you make a more balance and smooth turn in flight. The rudder pedal in this airplane also has brakes attached to it, and while on the ground, your rudder/brake is what is used to control your left to right turn of the airplane since it has a free castering nose wheel.
4. Flaps - lastly you have your flaps. Flaps are available in most single engine airplanes but not all. Flaps on an airplane serves several functions. Two of the most important function of your flaps is that they help the airplane gain lift on take off, and in flight they are used to slow the airplane down and descend faster without over speeding during landing. Think of your flaps as an umbrella.